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Montaza

Montaza is a place with fantastic gardens to walk around and wonderful beaches. There is also Montaza Palace which built on a low plateau east of central Alexandria overlooking a beach on the Mediterranean Sea. This area along the coast about 15 miles east of Alexandria’s old district along the Corniche is where many of the modern Alexandrian hotels are located, as well as one of the elegant heritage hotels. The extensive Montaza Palace grounds first had the Salamlek Palace, built in 1892 by Khedive Abbas II, the last Muhammad Ali Dynasty ruler to hold the Khedive title over the Khedivate of Egypt and Sudan. It was used as a hunting lodge and residence for his companion. The larger Al-Haramlik Palace and royal gardens were added to the Montaza Palace grounds, being built by King Fuad I in 1932, as a summer palace. It is in a mixture of Turkish and Florentine styles, with has two towers, one rising distinctively high above with elaborated Italian Renaissance design details.

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Alexandrian underwater Heritage

What is really magically about the Alexandrian heritage is that it is not limited to what has existed, or what you can still see existing on land, but it extends beyond that to what you can’t see of valuable archeological remains, submerged under water at several sites along the coast. These sites stretch from the Eastern Harbor “Portus Magnus” to Abu Qir Bay (Canopus). At the site of the Eastern Harbor, submerged ruins of the ancient Lighthouse of Alexandria, together with thousands of other pieces of stonework of archeological interest were recently discovered (between 1961 and 1998)  (Empereur, 2000). These pieces were found scattered over an area of 2.5 hectares of the Harbor’s bottom, including hundreds of columns of all sizes, column bases and capitals, sphinxes, statues, and some huge blocks of granite which, given where they lie, certainly came from the famous lighthouse. Several sculptures belonging to the pharaonic era, including 28 sphinxes, bearing the insignia of the Pharaohs Sesostris III, Sethi I, Ramses II , and others, as  well as obelisks with hieroglyphic inscriptions, were also found at the underwater site of the Eastern Harbor.

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Kom El Shuqqafa

[metaslider id=1913] The Arab name “The Kom Ash Shuqqafa catacombs” comes from the ancient Greek words “Lofus Kiramaikos”, which means the “pile of shards”. The Kom Ash Shuqqafa catacombs in Alexandria are found south-west from Pompeii’s pylon. In the medieval times, these catacombs were considered among the Seven Wonders of the World. The catacombs of Alexandria are different from other catacombs, from Paris and Lima, Peru, as an example, as no human remains is found here. The Greek-Roman architecture of the catacombs is very complicated, so the structure of the main shaft is ingenious, as it allows the light to enter inside. Throughout the years, the subterraneous waters entered inside, today being necessary for visitors to walk on wooden boards on certain areas so as not to step through water. In these catacombs there are Roman details, blending with Egyptian and Greek ones, due to the period when they were built. Some statues were created in an Egyptian style, their clothes and hairstyles being Roman, for example: During the dynasty of the Nerva-Antonine emperors, the bodies of the dead were transported on a circular flight of stairs, towards the graves dug in the solid rock. According to tradition, in catacombs […]

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Abu Qir Wrecks

Abu Qir is the main part of Alexandria, it is just 23 km north-east. It has the best beaches of the city such as Abu Qir Dead, Abu Qir District. it where you can find excellent fish restaurants . It also known as the site of one of the most famous sea battles in history which was between Nelson and the forces of Napoleon’s French fleet.

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Morsi Abu El abbas

[metaslider id=1902] Mosque of Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi in Alexandria is the most important historic mosque in Alexandria, Constructed in 1775 by Algerians, it was built over the tomb of the 13th saint Ahmed Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi who joined and then led the Shadhali brotherhood. It is only the tomb of Abu El Abbas El Mursi which remains today on its original site. In the year 1307 AD, El Sheikh Zein El Din Ibn El Qattan, one of the richest traders of Alexandria, ordered his men to build a mausoleum and a dome for the tomb. The tomb was placed under the dome to the right hand side of the entrance. The mosque became a place of pilgrimage for Muslims from Egypt and Morocco who passes through Alexandria during their Haj journey to and from Mecca. A mulid or Islamic religious festival was established to celebrate the birth of Abu El The mosque was rebuilt by the government in the Arabian architectural pattern that was popular during the Ayyubid Period, the time when Abu El Abbas El Mursi first came to Alexandria from Spain. The walls of the mosque stand 23 meters high and dressed in artificial stone while the minaret, […]

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Anfushi Tombs

There is also an old interested place in Alexandria called Anfushi Tombs in Alexandria. Alexandria lost much of its northern area under the waters of the Western harbor. Today, millions of tourists flock to Anfushi Tombs in Alexandria to explore the remnants of the historic city. Anfushi Tombs is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the city. They are limestone tombs which can be traced to 250 B.C, these tombs are painted as well so that they can be given the looks of alabaster and marble materials. When you visit these tombs you will find decors of pictures of Egyptian gods, examples from regular living and graffiti of the ancient period in Anfushi Tombs. If you go to the south of the esplanade leading to the palace of “Ras el-Tin”, you will spot Anfushi Tombs in Alexandria, which  were unraveled for the world in 1901 and 1921. These also includes five rock-cut tombs, each of them has a courtyard, which in turn is bordered by chambers with burials. You will be impressed by the first of Anfushi Tombs which can be reached via a rock-cut stairway filled with pictures of mythological scenes. Once you reach further, you will […]

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Roman Ampitheater

Every town in ancient Rome had an Amphitheatre, which means, “double theatre”. They were grand and impressive, shaped in a half circle, open to the sky, and might have held 100.000 people. Imagine yourself in ancient Alexandria; in the Roman theatre on a hot afternoon, all you can smell is the Mediterranean mist, all you can see are wild beasts, driven in through the tall doorway, and the fighters coming in from all around the floor. The Roman theatre is located in the modern area of Kom El-Dikaa, which is almost in the center of the city of Alexandria, bordered by Horrya street from the north, Nabi Daniel street from the west, Abdel Moneim street from the south, and Saphia Zaghloul street from the east. Dating from the 2nd century A.D it has a large auditorium, about 42m in diameter. The outer face of this building was probably adorned with columns located in several storey. In later times the theatre was rebuilt and its auditorium was diminished to 33.5 m in diameter, and then counted 16 rows of marble seats. The last major rebuild was in the 6th century A.D, when the stage was turned into a huge vestibule, joined […]

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Citadel of Qaitbay

[metaslider id=1889] The Qaitbay Citadel in Alexandria is considered one of the most important defensive strongholds, not only in Egypt, but also along the Mediterranean Sea coast. The Citadel is situated at the entrance of the eastern harbor on the eastern point of the Pharos Island. It is located in front of a special view of the blue sea. It was built on the site of the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Restoration began in the period of Ahmed Ibn Tulun (about 880 A.D). During the 11th century an earthquake occurred, causing damage to the octagonal part. The bottom survived, but it could only serve as a watchtower, and a small Mosque was built on the top. In the 14th century there was a very destructive earthquake and the whole building was completely destroyed. About 1480 A.D, the Mameluke Sultan Al-Ashraf Qaitbay protected the place against the Turks, who were threatening Egypt at that time. He built the castle and placed a Mosque inside it. The Citadel continued to function during most of the Mameluke period, the Ottoman period and the Modern period. The founder of the Citadel of Qaitbay […]

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Pompey Pillar

[metaslider id=1879] Pompey is a column of the most famous monuments in Alexandria, built on a hill door sidra an a length of about 27 meters and made of red granite stone. Held in honor of Emperor Diocletian in the third century AD. Its body column is a one piece diameter at the base of 2.70 meters and when the crown 2.30 meters,the overall height of the column including the rule about 26.85 meters. In the west side of the column bases can be reached peace underground.

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Old Library

[metaslider id=1867] The royal library of Alexandria or ancient library of Alexandria was probably the largest and certainly the most famous of libraries of the ancient world. It flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic and functioned as a major center of scholarship, at least until the time of Rome’s conquest of Egypt. The Greek term bibliotheca, it’s terminology was collection of books, it’s called not any building nor the social networks which sustained and operated the collection, which complicates tracking the history of its destructions. The bibliotheca Alexandria was inaugurated in 2002 near the site of the old library.

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Alexander the great

[metaslider id=1858] Alexander the Great, the King of Macedonia and conqueror of the Persian Empire is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times, He was inspiration for later conquerors such as Hannibal the Carthaginian, the Romans Pompey and Caesar, and Napoleon. Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia; He was son of Philip II, King of Macedonia, and Olympia’s, the princess of neighboring Epirus. He spent his childhood watching his father transforming Macedonia into a great military power, winning victory after victory on the battlefields throughout the Balkans. When he was 13, Philip hired the Greek philosopher Aristotle to be Alexander’s personal tutor. During the next three years Aristotle gave Alexander training in rhetoric and literature and stimulated his interest in science, medicine, and philosophy, all of which became of importance in Alexander’s later life. He died in Babylon in 323 BC. Nobody knows the cause of Alexander’s death. Some people have said his death was caused by poison in wine, murder or a fever after a battle. Alexandria, named after Alexander the Great, was founded in the year 332 BC. For nearly 300 years, it was the capital of the […]

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Alexandria

Alexandria better known as the mermaid of the Mediterranean, it is the second largest city in Egypt after Cairo, it is the chief port of Egypt located on the edge of the Nile delta on Mediterranean sea. Alexandria characterized by its blue sky and wonderful beaches, it is also a perfect place to take your holiday as it has its special weather in summer and winter. Alexandria’s people are friendly and they are excellent in welcoming people. the chief port of Egypt located on the western edge of the Nile delta on the Mediterranean Sea founded by Alexander the Great. It was founded by Alexander the Great in 332 B.S, It is characterized by blue skies and wonderful beaches. Alexandria is the perfect place to take your holiday as it has its special weather in summer and winter. Alexandria’s people are friendly and they excellent in welcoming people. Alexandria has a great and interest history from ancient roman to these days, Ancient city and one time capital of Egypt, Alexandria is one of the most intriguing of history’s most notable cities. Founded by Alexander the Great it became home to one of Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Pharos or Lighthouse of […]

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